History

1913: Seeds of Conflict

Explore an overlooked moment in pre-WWI Palestine when people's identities overlapped, and Jewish, Muslim, and Christian communities intermingled freely. Few could contemplate the conflict that would engulf their region for the next century.

1913: Seeds of Conflict

53m 38s

Explore an overlooked moment in pre-WWI Palestine when people’s identities overlap and Jewish, Muslim and Christian communities intermingle freely, yet few can contemplate the conflict that would engulf their region for the next century.

Episodes

  • 1913: Seeds of Conflict: asset-mezzanine-16x9

    1913: Seeds of Conflict

    53m 38s

    Explore an overlooked moment in pre-WWI Palestine when people’s identities overlap and Jewish, Muslim and Christian communities intermingle freely, yet few can contemplate the conflict that would engulf their region for the next century.

Extras + Features

  • Preview: asset-mezzanine-16x9

    Preview

    Examine the seeds of today’s Middle East conflict, sown in pre-World War I Ottoman Palestine. By weaving Arab and Jewish histories, the film dispels old myths and provides fresh insights into dramatic events that presaged a century of unrest.

  • Ashkenazi Jews Arrive in Palestine: asset-mezzanine-16x9

    Ashkenazi Jews Arrive in Palestine

    2m 55s

    In 1881, the assassination of Czar Alexander II leads to a wave of anti-Semitic violence resulting in the emigration of 2 million Ashkenazi Jews — a small portion of whom ended up in Palestine. The arriving immigrants name their settlements “First in Zion” or “Ray of Hope,” reflecting their sense of hope in their new home.

  • A Zionist Slogan: asset-mezzanine-16x9

    A Zionist Slogan

    2m 36s

    The Zionist movement worked to portray all that the Jewish settlers had achieved and all that was possible. They began to propagate the slogan “A land without a people for a people without a land,” with lasting implications.

  • Establishing Roots in Palestine: asset-mezzanine-16x9

    Establishing Roots in Palestine

    3m 4s

    Arab complaints about Jewish settlers found a voice in the new constitutional parliament in Istanbul. Though Jerusalem’s representative Ruhi al-Khalidi suggested that Jews move to other parts of the Ottoman Empire, the dream of a Jewish state required a new infrastructure starting with the purchase of land in concentrated areas.

  • A Return to the Land: asset-mezzanine-16x9

    A Return to the Land

    3m 14s

    Arab protests against Zionism rose with the liberalization of the press and upsurge of Arab language newspapers. Amidst the dissent, Jewish settlers, many of whom were craftsmen and peddlers in Eastern Europe, had to adapt to the dominance of agriculture in the economy by reconnecting with the land.

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